Home to the largest collection of Egyptian artifacts on exhibit in western North America.

Old Kingdom Overview


The Old Kingdom

2650 BCE – 2150 BCE

explore-thumb-Old-kingdomDuring the Old Kingdom (also called the Pyramid Age) the power of the Egyptian monarchy reached its zenith. The king was powerful enough to mobilize a significant percentage of the population to move to Giza during the farming off-season and help to build a pyramid.

These public works projects helped foster a sense of national identity among men and women who lived up to thousands of miles away from each other.

Following the might of the Old Kingdom, the Egyptians were one people, united and proud. Although the nation sometimes divided in strife, it always reunited eventually.

In the Third Dynasty, King Djoser (also spelled Zoser) had his vizier and architect, Imhotep, design a massive stepped monument: the Step Pyramid.

Architects: Hemiunu and Imhotep.

Rulers: Djoser and Khufu.

Monuments: Abu Ghurab, Pyramids of Giza, Sphinx, and Step Pyramid.

Artifacts from the Old Kingdom Period


The Old Kingdom Overview Video

Interactive Map